Staff & patient safety

Surgical gowns: From basic to advanced levels of protection

By: Mölnlycke Health Care, December 22 2011Posted in: Staff & patient safety

Different surgical procedures demand different combinations of protection and comfort.

The BARRIER® surgical gown material platform provides different levels of protection – from a basic level to an advanced level for high risk procedures. Our material complies with EN 13795* and AAMI** standards and provides high comfort levels – from lightweight to very soft and highly breathable material.

Beck and Colette found in 1952 that non-impermeable cotton will not prevent bacterial migration when the gown gets wet. It has also been established that the front and sleeves are more likely to get wet. These areas are thus reinforced to make them impermeable4.

Our different material platform is comprised of four main materials:

PRIMARY - SMS

  • Fluid repellent for adequate protection
  • Nonwoven polypropylene fibres
  • Spunbond for strength, meltblown for repellency
  • Lightweight for added comfort
  • Complies with EN 13795* Standard/High Performance

CLASSIC - Spunlace

  • Fluid repellent spunlace for all types of surgeries
  • Nonwoven pulp/polyester fibres
  • Treated to provide increased repellency to low surface tension fluids, such as blood
  • Soft and breathable for high comfort
  • Complies with EN 13795* Standard/High Performance and AAMI** Level 2/AAMI Level 3

ULTIMATE - Soft SMS

  • Highly fluid repellent material for advanced protection
  • Nonwoven polypropylene fibres
  • Spunbond for strength, increased meltblown for higher repellency
  • Treated to provide increased repellency to low surface tension fluids, such as blood
  • Very soft and breathable for ultimate comfort
  • Complies with EN 13795* Standard/High Performance and AAMI** Level 3

FLUID PROTECTION PLUS (FPP) - Two-ply laminate

  • Our highest protective material, impermeable to body fluids all over
  • Microporous polyethylene film and polyester/polyethylene nonwoven comfort layer
  • The micropores allow air and moisture to move from the body to the outside of the gown and the film protects against blood and fluid penetration, the comfort layer against the skin increase the comfort of the gown
  • Ultra-light, breathable material for thermal comfort
  • Complies with EN 13795* High Performance, AAMI** Level 3 and ASTM F16703


Click to download BARRIER Surgical gown material guide (pdf).

Please note local variations may occur.

Minimise risk for strikethrough

All BARRIER high-performing surgical gowns are reinforced in the critical zone, in front and in the sleeves, to maximise protection against contamination of the surgical wound. All of our gowns comply with the requirements of European Directive EN 13795* for high-performing surgical gowns.

* European Directive EN 13795-3:2006: The European harmonised standard specifying requirements for single-use and reusable gowns, drapes and clean air suits used as medical devices for patients, clinical staff and equipment and intended to prevent the transmission of infective agents between patients and clinical staff during invasive surgical procedures.

** ANSI/AAMI PB-70:2003: Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation. AAMI is the US reference standard establishing a system of classification for protective apparel and drapes based on their liquid barrier performance and specifies related labelling requirements and standardised test methods.

References

  1. European Directive EN13795-3:2006: European harmonised standard specifying requirements for single-use and reusable gowns, drapes and clean air suits used as medical devices for patients, clinical staff and equipment and intended to prevent the transmission of infective agents between patients an clinical staff during invasive surgical procedures. ANSI/AAMI PB-70:2003 Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation. The AAMI is the US reference standard establishing a system of classification for protective apparel and drapes based on their liquid barrier performance and specifies related labeling requirements and standardized test methods.
  2. ASTM F1670 Resistance of materials used in protective clothing to penetration by synthetic blood.
  3. Beck, C., and Colette, C., False faith in the Surgeon´s Gown and Surgical Drape. The American Journal of Surgery, 1952. LXXXIII(2)
  4. Beck, C., and Colette, C., False faith in the Surgeon´s Gown and Surgical Drape. The American Journal of Surgery, 1952. LXXXIII(2): p. 125-126
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